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Title: Leprosy in children under 15 years of age in a municipality in northeastern Brazil : evolutionary aspects from 2003 to 2015
Authors: Lima Neto, Pedro Martins
Silva, Antônio Rafael da
Santos, Leonardo Hunaldo dos
Lima, Raina Jansen Cutrim Propp
Tauil, Pedro Luiz
Gonçalves, Eloísa da Graça do Rosário
Assunto:: Hanseníase
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Citation: LIMA NETO, Pedro Martins et al. Leprosy in children under 15 years of age in a municipality in northeastern Brazil: evolutionary aspects from 2003 to 2015. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, Uberaba, v. 53, e20200515, 2020. DOI: Disponível em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2021.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The Integrated Program of Leprosy Control was initiated in 2003 in the municipality of Buriticupu, Maranhão, Brazil, an area considered hyperendemic for leprosy. Here, we present the evolution of the indicators of leprosy within the established period in children aged <15 years. METHODS: This is a descriptive study based on an active search for cases and spontaneous healthcare demand for leprosy, with an evolutionary analysis of the detection coefficient of new cases. We considered individuals aged <15 years diagnosed with leprosy from January 2003 to December 2015. To evaluate the factors associated with clinical and operational forms, Chi-square, Fisher’s exact, or Fisher-Freeman-Halton tests were performed. RESULTS: A total of 61 new cases were detected (6.9% of the total leprosy cases diagnosed in the municipality during the study period), and the majority was found in males (62.3%). The most frequent operational classification was paucibacillary (67.2%), and this association increased with age. The tuberculoid clinical form was the most prevalent in both sexes and in the age range of 10 to <15 years. There was a reduction in the detection coefficient from 21.84/100,000 inhabitants in 2003 to 2.79/100,000 in 2015. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the progress in the control of leprosy, this historical series shows that it is necessary to strengthen educational measures and implement control actions, so that the disease ceases to be a public health problem in the population aged <15 years.
Licença:: CC BY. Open acess.
Appears in Collections:FMD - Artigos publicados em periódicos e preprints

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